The Book of Hebrews #38 chapter 10:1-18 pt. 3
The Book of Hebrews
Christ: The Living Sacrifice #3
Hebrews 10:1-18
Tonight from Hebrews 10 we are going to begin to look at some of the ways what Jesus did on the cross contrasts with what the Old Testament sacrifices could not do.  There are a lot of ways His sacrifice is superior, so we’ll just jump in and see how far our time will allows us to get.
First of all, Christ's sacrifice was more effective because,
#1 - It was God’s Will
In the mind of God, before the world was ever created, God knew that the old system wouldn't cut it. And in His mind way back when, He had planned that Jesus would have to come and die.
Hebrews 10:4-10
Now keep in mind, the author is speaking first and foremost to Jews so he reaches back into their own writings and quotes from the 40th Psalm.
And he says, “When Christ got ready to be incarnated, when He was standing on the edge of heaven and talking to the Father, getting ready to leave, this is what He said, "God, you don’t want sacrifice and offering and You never did because You knew it was insufficient.  Your ultimate plan was for my incarnation, wasn't it?"
In fact, the Bible says that He was a Lamb slain from the foundations of the world. God all along planned the death of Christ.
And Jesus came in obedience to the will of God.  And if these Jews had been reading their Old Testament, they would have known that.
It was right there in front of them, as plain as day.  And Jesus is saying, “Dad and I talked about this before I ever left heaven to come to earth.
They talked about how God never desired sacrifices and animals and how He would prepare a body for me and I would come and do His will by dying on a cross and rising from the dead to make an ultimate sacrifice for sin because that was His plan all along. .
God could never be ultimately satisfied with offerings of animals. And God became less and less satisfied with them at all, because they became such a sham and a mockery as they were ritualistic and not real. And so God had formed a body for the Son.
Now there is an interesting thought in verse 5 and I want to call it to your attention before I leave this point.
Notice it says, “A body you have prepared”.  That’s different from the 40th Psalm.  Everything else isi the same except for this one phrase.  In the Psalm it says, “My ears you have opened”, but here it is “a body you have prepared”.
The word “opened” is a Hebrew word that is translated in a variety of ways, but the most common is the word “dig” or in this case “dug”.
Literally, the phrase is “My ears you have dug”.  Now my momma used to do that to mine after I’d played all day, but I don’t think that’s what we have here in the text.
What does he mean, “My ears you have dug” and why in Hebrews is it changed to “A body you have prepared”?
There are a couple of possibilities.  It could be that both verses are saying the same thing, except the Psalmist is giving a detail of the preparation of that body. In effect, the Psalmist is saying, "God actually dug out hose ears and physically formed a body for Christ.”  And it pictures God as a craftsman, carving out the ears. And then Hebrews just expands the thought to say, "A body You have prepared".
But there's another beautiful thought in it also and that is the Psalm talks about God “digging out the ears” because the ear is that which hears the command and obeys it. And Jesus says in verse 7, "I come to do Your will." Isaiah 50:5 says, “The Lord God has opened my ear; and I was not rebellious, nor did I turn away.”
And so the portrait in the Psalms is that His ears are prepared to hear the will of God and be obedient.
But there's even another way to look at that.  In Exodus 21:6, there was a certain Jubilee, a certain Sabbath year, the seventh year. And at the seventh year, all the slaves were let free. But a slave might like his master. And if he liked his master, he could then say, "I don't want to go free. I want to stay with my master."
If he said that, he stood up against a post, and his ear was pulled out like this, and a nail was driven through his ear. His ear was pierced right here.
And then it was removed, and that was the symbol that he had assigned himself willingly to the service of that master for the rest of his life. And so you could always tell those who loved their master and who had assigned themselves to serve them for their lifetime. They had a hole literally dug in their ear.
And so it may be that this is implied as well. He's not only saying, "You made me. You prepared my body." But He's also saying, in the Psalm, concentrating on the ears, "Because I hear and I obey," but He's also saying, "I willingly become your servant to do whatever you want me to do as long as I live." Take your pick. One, two or three, or all.
In any regard, God willed a holy human and Jesus said, "I come to do what you will, Father." Now that verse has the Virgin Birth all over it.  Jesus was not born of an earthly Father. God prepared a body and placed it in the Virgin Mary’s womb all by Himself.
And I find it interesting in verse 6 we find God’s attitude regarding the old sacrificial system.  On the other hand, Matthew 3:17 says, God said, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
Wee that?  He doesn’t find pleasure in offerings. But, He is absolutely pleased with Jesus.  It’s interesting to me that He is not pleased with what we offer Him; He is absolutely please in what He offered us.
And the reason He is satisfied with the offering of Jesus is because Jesus was obedient to His will.  There were all kinds of opportunities for Him to be disobedient.
Jesus announced to the disciples He was going to die and Peter jumps in and says, "Not while I’m on duty!”
And Jesus didn't say, "Oh, thank you, Peter. Whew. Am I relieved." No, He said, "Get thee behind me, Satan."
The reason?  John 14:31, So the world will know that I love the Father and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go."
Why did he want to leave in such a hurry? This conversation took place on the night of the betrayal, and it’s my conviction He wanted to hurry out of the Upper Room because He might miss Judas. You ever thought of that? What if Judas and all those soldiers came and He wasn't there to be captured? And so He had to hurry to get there. And the moment of arrest came, and Peter drew his sword, and the Lord said, "The cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it? Put it away, Peter."
See Him in the Garden as He deals with the weight of becoming sin and desiring God for the cup to be taken away, and that statement of “Nevertheless, not my will, but Yours be done.”
And so God prepared a body, and Christ said, "Father, I know you're not satisfied with the old system, but you are with me, and I'll obey." And He did. And God was satisfied, and said, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."
And so Christ's sacrifice was effective because it fulfilled the ultimate will of God. It was His will all along.
Secondly, it was effective because
#2 - It Replaced the Old System
Verse 8
This is the author's commentary on Psalm 40 and what he is pointing out is that all of that was said  to show that He takes away the first so He may establish the second.
He says to these Jews, "You know why God said that? He said that to indicate that there had to be something better." He said, "These old sacrifices don't make it. I've got to prepare a body to do the job." And that's the point of the text. It's trying to tell you the old is done away and the new has come.   The old didn't do it; couldn’t do it because that was never God’s plan.  Jesus was God’s plan.
And if Jesus is the new, then the old has to be done away with.
And notice in verse 8 he references sacrifices, offerings, burnt offerings and offerings for sin. Those are all four words used in the the Old Testament for sacrifices. God says, “Not only do I not want it anymore, I don’t want any of it! I don't have pleasure in that. It doesn't do it. It doesn't bring access to my presence. It doesn't remove sin. It's only external, and it's deteriorated to a ritual.
But on the other hand, Jesus says in verse 9, "But I come to do Your will." verse 9, and there's the new. He takes away the first to establish the second.
So Christ's sacrifice was better because it was God’s will, it replaced the old.
Thirdly, it was better because
#3 - It Sanctifies the Believer
verse 10
See how it works?  God had a plan and He willed it to happen.  Jesus came in obedience to that will.  He replaced the Old and by offering the body that God prepared for the job, Jesus Christ died once for all for sin and because of that, we have been sanctified.
What does that word mean? It means set apart. We talked about that a couple of Sunday’s ago.  It is God’s will for us to be sanctified.
I Thessalonians 4:3 says, “This is the will of God, even your sanctification." That's God's will. He wants you to be sanctified, set apart, not only positionally,  but practically.
And the gist of the verse is, you can't lose your salvation. One act, one time, at one moment, did it forever, for everybody who believes. He sanctified us, set us apart unto Himself and those who know Christ will forever remain positionally holy forever.
Is that not amazing?  You want proof Jesus was better than the sacrificial system?  One offering, on one occasion, did what all those millions of offerings could never do. It satisfied God. God expressed His will in the death of His Son, and brought us into holiness.
Now, there is only one requirement for getting into God’s presence and that is holiness.  God doesn’t let anything in His presence that's unholy.  Therefore, if a man is to enter into the presence of God, if he's to have access to God, his sin has to be removed.
There’s just one way to accomplish that and that is Jesus.  And once your sin is removed, you are positionally holy forever because as God sees you, He sees not your righteousness, but Christ's righteousness in our behalf.
And what Christ provided, the old covenant couldn't. And you can't be holy by works. You can work your head off, and you're not going to get holy. You'll just get tired.
So Jesus is superior because it was God’s will, He replaced the old system and He sanctified the believer.
There are four more reasons given in this text.  We’ll see them next week.
Let’s pray.


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